Race against time to treat hump-nosed pit viper bites
“It is well for unsuspecting farmers and trekkers to remember these attributes because, for now, the only way to prevent hump-nosed pit viper envenomation is to stay clear of the reptile.” V.T.
The new, polyvalent antivenom has demonstrated, in pre-clinical trials, capability in neutralising the venom of Sri Lanka’s three main viperid species — the Russel’s viper, the saw-scaled viper and the hump-nosed pit viper.
VijayakumarRelated topics Health[NEW DELHI] The hump-nosed pit viper has many oddities — starting with its name — but the most fearsome is the fact that there is no antidote available for its deadly venom.That makes the hump-nosed pit viper ((Hypnale hypnale), also called the hump-nosed moccasin for its pointed and upturned snout, a major killer endemic to the Western Ghats, a mountain range of South India, and Sri Lanka.
This results in dangerously low blood pressure and a decrease in blood plasma volume.“Capillary leak syndrome is refractory to any standard treatment measure and adds to the complications of treating a venomous hump-nosed pit viper bite,” says Kumar.
“Though slow-moving, it has an irritable disposition when disturbed and strikes fast.”“It is well for unsuspecting farmers and trekkers to remember these attributes because, for now, the only way to prevent hump-nosed pit viper envenomation is to stay clear of the reptile,” Vijayakumar says.This piece was produced by SciDev.Net’s Global desk.